Ethics Infinity Pvt Ltd. Provide and specialize in solution for the hydroponics growers, enabling them to collect re-use and/or recycle the drainage water & nutrients. We have develops & offers high quality, Low cost & Long lasting and efficient system.
What most people don't realize is that there are countless methods and variations of hydroponic gardening. We provide the following types of world class hydroponic system.
History of Soilless Culture
- Vertical Tower System.
- NFT System.
- Dutch bucket Systems.
- Trough System with Spacer and Collector.
- Open Top Bag System.
- Grow bag System.
First documented experiences of soilless cultivation date back about three hundred years ago. However, plant cultivation outside the soil was a common practice already in ancient cultures, as Shown by the Babylonian hanging gardens, the floating islands of Lake Titicaca in the Andes, or the Burmese In Lake in South-East Asia. During the twentieth century the technology associated to soilless cultivation has been growing dramatically, putting the basis for the diffusion of High Technology Soilless Culture (HTSC) in intensive farming systems for the great advantages offered to growers. HTSC systems are nowadays characterized by a high level of automatism with accurate climatic control in the growing environment (usually greenhouses), adjustment in the plant input (water and nutrients) in response to the plant growing stage, and a great mechanization of the growing process.
The main advantages of soilless cultivation are the independence from fertile soils, the reduced water requirements and the high production efficiency, none of them necessarily correlated with the technological level of the system. Indeed, simplified soilless cultures (SSC, also referred to as Simplified Hydroponics, SH), present several other benefits, such as being easy to build and manage, require little labor, present lower incidence of soil-borne diseases, make use of low-cost/recycled materials to build growing containers, enable to obtain higher yield and intensify productivity and shorten the chain between harvest and consumption, with reduced product depletion. Consistently, SSC are spreading in urban areas to find solutions to low fertility of the soils, low irrigation water availability, small extension of cultivated lands and environmental pollution. Successful experiences of SSC have been conducted in the last decades all over the world and nowadays a relevant number of growing solutions is available, adapting to the peculiar social and environmental conditions of the most diverse contexts.
Simplified soilless systems may be divided into two main categories, according to the destiny of the water drained after irrigation: closed loop system are those that recycle drained water and re-use it for further irrigation, open loop cycle are those where exceeding water is drained and discarded. While the former present greater water use efficiency (enabling to save up to 80% of the water commonly used in on-soil cultivation), the latter are generally cheaper and require lower technology and skills for the management of plant nutrition.
Another classification may be operated considering how the water (or nutrient solution) is provided to the system. Some systems (e.g. floating systems, deep water culture) maintain the water reserve always in contact with the plant root system, whereas other systems (the great majority of those presented in the manual) have water provided periodically and then left to drain. Once again, the former require lower technology and work and the latter have lower problems due to the greater oxygenation of the water reserve, giving generally more productive results.
NFT (Nutrient Film Technique) System
The word, Hydroponic, comes from Latin and means working water. Simply put, it is the art of growing plants without soil.
Hydroponics is a subset of hydro culture, which is the growing of plants in a soil less medium, or an aquatic based environment. Hydroponic growing uses mineral nutrient solutions to feed the plants in water, without soil.
When most people think of hydroponics, they think of plants grown with their roots suspended directly into water with no growing medium. This is just one type of hydroponic gardening known as N.F.T. (Nutrient Film Technique).
The NFT (Nutrient Film Technique) system was first developed by Dr. Allen Cooper in 1965 in England, consisting in ditches with a slope of 1% in which the nutrient solution was circulating. This original design was modified by the Centro de Investigation de Hydroponic y Nutrition Mineral (CIHNM) of the Universidad National Agraria La Molina (UNALM) in Lima, Peru, to make feasible the production of different vegetables and to adapt the technique to the reality of Latin American countries (Rodríguez-Delfín, 2012). A modified NFT system was successfully adopted in rooftop soilless gardens in Bologna (Italy) and Lima (Peru)
The N.F.T Nutrient Film Technique uses a constant flow of your Growth Technology nutrient solution (therefore no timer is required). The solution is pumped from a reservoir into the growing tray. The growing tray requires no growing medium. The roots draw up the nutrients from the flowing solution. The downward flow pours back into the reservoir to be recycled again. Where the bare roots of the plants come in contact with the water, and can absorb the nutrients from it.
The N.F.T. system (Nutrient Film Technique) is quite popular with home hydroponic growers as well. Mainly because of its fairly simple design. However N.F.T. systems are best suited for, and most commonly used for growing smaller quick growing plants like different types of lettuce. Along with growing lettuce, some commercial growers also grow different types of herbs and baby greens using N.F.T. systems.
Vertical Tower System.
It's vertical because you are trying to grow more crops on a smaller land area and this usually means going upwards into buildings. It normally means that, instead of having a single layer of crops over a large land area, you have stacks of crops going upwards. It's also associated with commercial urban farming.
In a typical hydroponic tower, the idea is to use a tube system with a pump to get water to the top layers. From there, you can use the assistance of gravity to channel the flow down to the reservoir.
You can either use a single tube to deliver water to the top level or use multiple channels to different layers for optimal delivery of water and nutrients.
DIY designs typically involve the use of PVC pipes or thicker drainage pipes for the central tower. On these, smaller holes are drilled at intervals to house the individual plants.
The plants are usually housed in net cups to allow the water to flow through the root systems. In a tower design, the plants are grown at an angle, typically around 45 degrees.
Dutch Bucket System, Trough System, Open Top Bag System, Grow Bag System.
You can grow a variety of plants with the Dutch Bucket System, Trough System, Open Top Bag System, Grow bag System. It also allows growers to grow large, vining, fruiting crops or any plant that require a high amount of nutrients.
So with the Dutch bucket System and other System, you can grow cucumbers, peppers, Ginger, Radish, Turmeric, and pole beans. But as I see, tomatoes are the most commonly grown in this kind of system.
These Dutch Bucket System, Trough System, Open Top Bag System, Grow bag System must contain growing media (Cocopeat, Perlite, Vermiculite, etc) to keep the moisture, aeration as well as supporting plants to stand upright.
Cocopeat and Perlite are an excellent substrate for both vegetable and flowering plants. It has many applications as an effective soil conditioner and soil free substrate. Cocopeat is ideal for potting mixes, seedling mushroom and farming and hydroponics growing.
In Horticultural applications, perlite is used as a component of soilless growing mixes where it provides aeration and optimum moisture retention for superior plant growth.
For larger plants, or plants that need plenty of nutrients, set up drip Irrigation system and Spider drip irrigation or make the drip large enough for these plants.
Advantages of Hydroponic Farming
Disadvantages and Challenges
- Possible to cultivate in waste land also.
- No soils needed.
- Climate control.
- Effective use of nutrients.
- Ec and pH control of the solution.
- Hydroponics is water-saving.
- Uniform Irrigation and Better growth rate.
- Better Quality Production and Better Yield.
- Possible to reuse the drainage water and nutrient.
- Easy Crop Management and No weeds Problem.
- Fewer pests & diseases.
- Less use of insecticide, and herbicides.
- Labor and time savers.
- Hydroponics is a stress-relieving hobby.
- A Hydroponic farming requires your time and commitment.
- Experiences and technical knowledge.
- Organic debates.
- Water and electricity risks.
- Initial expenses.
- Long return per investment.
The following types of crops are the best choice for fast growing Vegetable Plants, Fruits and Herbs In Hydroponics systems.
- Swiss Chards
- Mustard Greens
- Collard Greens